DigitalOcean Compute Driver Documentation

DigitalOcean is an American cloud provider based in New York City with data centers in New York, Amsterdam, San Francisco, London, Singapore, Frankfurt, Toronto, and Bangalore.


Instantiating a driver

The DigitalOcean driver supports API v2.0, requiring a Personal Access Token to initialize as the key. The older API v1.0 reached end of life on November 9, 2015. Support for API v1.0 was removed in libcloud v1.2.2.

Instantiating a driver using API v2.0

from libcloud.compute.types import Provider
from libcloud.compute.providers import get_driver

cls = get_driver(Provider.DIGITAL_OCEAN)

driver = cls('access token', api_version='v2')

Creating a Droplet using API v2.0

from libcloud.compute.types import Provider
from libcloud.compute.providers import get_driver

cls = get_driver(Provider.DIGITAL_OCEAN)

driver = cls('access token', api_version='v2')

options = {'backups': True,
           'private_networking': True,
           'ssh_keys': [123456, 123457]}

name = 'test.domain.tld'
size = driver.list_sizes()[0]
image = driver.list_images()[0]
location = driver.list_locations()[0]

node = driver.create_node(name, size, image, location,

API Docs

API v2.0

class libcloud.compute.drivers.digitalocean.DigitalOcean_v2_NodeDriver(key, secret=None, secure=True, host=None, port=None, api_version=None, region=None, ex_per_page=200, **kwargs)[source]

DigitalOcean NodeDriver using v2 of the API.

attach_volume(node, volume, device=None)[source]

Attaches volume to node.

  • node (Node) – Node to attach volume to.
  • volume (StorageVolume) – Volume to attach.
  • device (str) – Where the device is exposed, e.g. ‘/dev/sdb’



alias of libcloud.common.digitalocean.DigitalOcean_v2_Connection

copy_image(source_region, node_image, name, description=None)

Copies an image from a source region to the current region.

  • source_region (str) – Region to copy the node from.
  • node_image (NodeImage:) – NodeImage to copy.
  • name (str) – name for new image.
  • description – description for new image.
Return type:



NodeImage instance on success.

create_image(node, name)[source]

Create an image from a Node.

@inherits: NodeDriver.create_image

  • node (str) – Node to use as base for image
  • node – Name for image
Return type:


create_key_pair(name, public_key='')[source]

Create a new SSH key.

  • name (str) – Key name (required)
  • public_key (str) – Valid public key string (required)
create_node(name, size, image, location, ex_create_attr=None, ex_ssh_key_ids=None, ex_user_data=None)[source]

Create a node.

The ex_create_attr parameter can include the following dictionary key and value pairs:

  • backups: bool defaults to False
  • ipv6: bool defaults to False
  • private_networking: bool defaults to False
  • tags: list of str tags
  • user_data: str for cloud-config data
  • ssh_keys: list of int key ids or str fingerprints

ex_create_attr[‘ssh_keys’] will override ex_ssh_key_ids assignment.

  • ex_create_attr (dict) – A dictionary of optional attributes for droplet creation
  • ex_ssh_key_ids (list of int key ids or str key fingerprints) – A list of ssh key ids which will be added to the server. (optional)
  • ex_user_data (str) – User data to be added to the node on create. (optional)

The newly created node.

Return type:


create_volume(size, name, location=None, snapshot=None)[source]

Create a new volume.

  • size (int) – Size of volume in gigabytes (required)
  • name (str) – Name of the volume to be created
  • location (NodeLocation) – Which data center to create a volume in. If empty, undefined behavior will be selected. (optional)
  • snapshot (VolumeSnapshot) – Snapshot from which to create the new volume. (optional)

The newly created volume.

Return type:


create_volume_snapshot(volume, name)[source]

Create a new volume snapshot.

Parameters:volume (class:StorageVolume) – Volume to create a snapshot for
Returns:The newly created volume snapshot.
Return type:VolumeSnapshot

Delete an image for node.

@inherits: NodeDriver.delete_image

Parameters:image (NodeImage) – the image to be deleted
Return type:bool

Delete an existing SSH key.

Parameters:key (KeyPair) – SSH key (required)

Delete a volume snapshot

Parameters:snapshot (class:VolumeSnapshot) – volume snapshot to delete
Return type:bool
deploy_node(deploy, ssh_username='root', ssh_alternate_usernames=None, ssh_port=22, ssh_timeout=10, ssh_key=None, ssh_key_password=None, auth=None, timeout=300, max_tries=3, ssh_interface='public_ips', at_exit_func=None, **create_node_kwargs)

Create a new node, and start deployment.

In order to be able to SSH into a created node access credentials are required.

A user can pass either a NodeAuthPassword or NodeAuthSSHKey to the auth argument. If the create_node implementation supports that kind if credential (as declared in self.features['create_node']) then it is passed on to create_node. Otherwise it is not passed on to create_node and it is only used for authentication.

If the auth parameter is not supplied but the driver declares it supports generates_password then the password returned by create_node will be used to SSH into the server.

Finally, if the ssh_key_file is supplied that key will be used to SSH into the server.

This function may raise a DeploymentException, if a create_node call was successful, but there is a later error (like SSH failing or timing out). This exception includes a Node object which you may want to destroy if incomplete deployments are not desirable.

>>> from libcloud.compute.drivers.dummy import DummyNodeDriver
>>> from libcloud.compute.deployment import ScriptDeployment
>>> from libcloud.compute.deployment import MultiStepDeployment
>>> from libcloud.compute.base import NodeAuthSSHKey
>>> driver = DummyNodeDriver(0)
>>> key = NodeAuthSSHKey('...') # read from file
>>> script = ScriptDeployment("yum -y install emacs strace tcpdump")
>>> msd = MultiStepDeployment([key, script])
>>> def d():
...     try:
...         driver.deploy_node(deploy=msd)
...     except NotImplementedError:
...         print ("not implemented for dummy driver")
>>> d()
not implemented for dummy driver

Deploy node is typically not overridden in subclasses. The existing implementation should be able to handle most such.

  • deploy (Deployment) – Deployment to run once machine is online and available to SSH.
  • ssh_username (str) – Optional name of the account which is used when connecting to SSH server (default is root)
  • ssh_alternate_usernames (list) – Optional list of ssh usernames to try to connect with if using the default one fails
  • ssh_port (int) – Optional SSH server port (default is 22)
  • ssh_timeout (float) – Optional SSH connection timeout in seconds (default is 10)
  • auth (NodeAuthSSHKey or NodeAuthPassword) – Initial authentication information for the node (optional)
  • ssh_key (str or list of str) – A path (or paths) to an SSH private key with which to attempt to authenticate. (optional)
  • ssh_key_password (str) – Optional password used for encrypted keys.
  • timeout (int) – How many seconds to wait before timing out. (default is 600)
  • max_tries (int) – How many times to retry if a deployment fails before giving up (default is 3)
  • ssh_interface (str) – The interface to wait for. Default is ‘public_ips’, other option is ‘private_ips’.
  • at_exit_func (func) –

    Optional atexit handler function which will be registered and called with created node if user cancels the deploy process (e.g. CTRL+C), after the node has been created, but before the deploy process has finished.

    This method gets passed in two keyword arguments:

    • driver -> node driver in question
    • node -> created Node object

    Keep in mind that this function will only be called in such scenario. In case the method finishes (this includes throwing an exception), at exit handler function won’t be called.


Destroy a node.

Depending upon the provider, this may destroy all data associated with the node, including backups.

Parameters:node (Node) – The node to be destroyed
Returns:True if the destroy was successful, False otherwise.
Return type:bool

Destroys a storage volume.

Parameters:volume (StorageVolume) – Volume to be destroyed
Return type:bool

Destroys a snapshot.

Parameters:snapshot (VolumeSnapshot) – The snapshot to delete
Return type:bool

Detaches a volume from a node.

Parameters:volume (StorageVolume) – Volume to be detached
Return type:bool
ex_attach_floating_ip_to_node(node, ip)[source]

Attach the floating IP to the node

  • node (Node) – node
  • ip (str or DigitalOcean_v2_FloatingIpAddress) – floating IP to attach
Return type:



Create new floating IP reserved to a region.

The newly created floating IP will not be associated to a Droplet.


Parameters:location (NodeLocation) – Which data center to create the floating IP in.
Return type:DigitalOcean_v2_FloatingIpAddress

Delete specified floating IP

Parameters:ip (DigitalOcean_v2_FloatingIpAddress) – floating IP to remove
Return type:bool
ex_detach_floating_ip_from_node(node, ip)[source]

Detach a floating IP from the given node

Note: the ‘node’ object is not used in this method but it is added to the signature of ex_detach_floating_ip_from_node anyway so it conforms to the interface of the method of the same name for other drivers like for example OpenStack.

  • node (Node) – Node from which the IP should be detached
  • ip (DigitalOcean_v2_FloatingIpAddress) – Floating IP to detach
Return type:



Get an event object

Parameters:event_id (str) – Event id (required)

Get specified floating IP

Parameters:ip (str) – floating IP to get
Return type:DigitalOcean_v2_FloatingIpAddress

Lists details of the specified server.

Parameters:node_id (str) – ID of the node which should be used
Return type:Node

List floating IPs

Return type:list of DigitalOcean_v2_FloatingIpAddress

Destroy and rebuild the node using its base image.

Parameters:node (Node) – Node to rebuild

:return True if the operation began successfully :rtype bool

ex_resize_node(node, size)[source]

Resize the node to a different machine size. Note that some resize operations are reversible, and others are irreversible.

  • node (NodeSize) – Node to rebuild
  • size – New size for this machine

:return True if the operation began successfully :rtype bool


Get an image based on an image_id

@inherits: NodeDriver.get_image

Parameters:image_id (int) – Image identifier
Returns:A NodeImage object
Return type:NodeImage

Retrieve a single key pair.

Parameters:name (str) – Name of the key pair to retrieve.
Return type:KeyPair
import_key_pair_from_file(name, key_file_path)

Import a new public key from string.

  • name (str) – Key pair name.
  • key_file_path (str) – Path to the public key file.
Return type:

KeyPair object

import_key_pair_from_string(name, key_material)

Import a new public key from string.

  • name (str) – Key pair name.
  • key_material (str) – Public key material.
Return type:

KeyPair object


List images on a provider.

Parameters:location (NodeLocation) – The location at which to list images.
Returns:list of node image objects.
Return type:list of NodeImage

List all the available SSH keys.

Returns:Available SSH keys.
Return type:list of KeyPair

List locations

Parameters:ex_available – Only return locations which are available.

List all nodes.

Returns:list of node objects
Return type:list of Node

List sizes on a provider

Parameters:location (NodeLocation) – The location at which to list sizes
Returns:list of node size objects
Return type:list of NodeSize

List snapshots for a volume.

Parameters:volume (class:StorageVolume) – Volume to list snapshots for
Returns:List of volume snapshots.
Return type:list of :class: StorageVolume

List storage volumes.

Return type:list of StorageVolume

Reboot a node.

Parameters:node (Node) – The node to be rebooted
Returns:True if the reboot was successful, otherwise False
Return type:bool

Start a node.

Parameters:node (Node) – The node to be started
Returns:True if the start was successful, otherwise False
Return type:bool

Stop a node

Parameters:node (Node) – The node to be stopped.
Returns:True if the stop was successful, otherwise False
Return type:bool
wait_until_running(nodes, wait_period=3, timeout=600, ssh_interface='public_ips', force_ipv4=True, ex_list_nodes_kwargs=None)

Block until the provided nodes are considered running.

Node is considered running when it’s state is “running” and when it has at least one IP address assigned.

  • nodes (list of Node) – List of nodes to wait for.
  • wait_period (int) – How many seconds to wait between each loop iteration. (default is 3)
  • timeout (int) – How many seconds to wait before giving up. (default is 600)
  • ssh_interface (str) – Which attribute on the node to use to obtain an IP address. Valid options: public_ips, private_ips. Default is public_ips.
  • force_ipv4 (bool) – Ignore IPv6 addresses (default is True).
  • ex_list_nodes_kwargs (dict) – Optional driver-specific keyword arguments which are passed to the list_nodes method.

[(Node, ip_addresses)] list of tuple of Node instance and list of ip_address on success.

Return type:

list of tuple