Upgrade Notes

This page describes how to upgrade from a previous version to a new version which contains backward incompatible or semi-incompatible changes and how to preserve the old behavior when this is possible.

Libcloud 2.7.0

  • AWS S3 driver has moved from “driver class per region” model to “single driver class with region constructor argument” model. This means this driver now follows the same approach as other multi region drivers.

    Before:

    from libcloud.storage.types import Provider
    from libcloud.storage.providers import get_driver
    
    S3_EU_CENTRAL = get_driver(Provider.S3_EU_CENTRAL)
    S3_EU_WEST_1 = get_driver(Provider.S3_EU_WEST)
    
    driver_eu_central = S3_EU_CENTRAL('api key', 'api secret')
    driver_eu_west_1 = S3_EU_WEST_1('api key', 'api secret')
    

    After:

    from libcloud.storage.types import Provider
    from libcloud.storage.providers import get_driver
    
    S3 = get_driver(Provider.S3)
    
    driver_eu_central = S3('api key', 'api secret', region='eu-central-1')
    driver_eu_west_1 = S3('api key', 'api secret', region='eu-west-1')
    

    For now, old approach will still work, but it will be deprecated and fully removed in a future release. Deprecation and removal will be announced well in advance.

  • New start_node and stop_node methods have been added to the base Libcloud compute API NodeDriver class.

    A lot of the existing compute drivers already implemented that functionality via extension methods (ex_start_node, ex_stop_node) so it was decided to promote those methods to be part of the standard Libcloud compute API and update all the affected drivers.

    For backward compatibility reasons, existing ex_start and ex_stop_node methods will still work until a next major release.

    If you are relying on code which uses ex_start and ex_stop_node methods, you are encouraged to update it to utilize new start_node and stop_node methods since those ex_ methods are now deprecated and will be removed in a future major release.

Libcloud 1.0.0

  • Per-region provider constants and related driver classes which have been deprecated in Libcloud 0.14.0 have now been fully removed.

    Those provider drivers have moved to the single provider constant + region constructor argument in Libcloud 0.14.0.

Libcloud 0.20.0

  • New optional ttl argument has been added to libcloud.dns.base.Record class constructor before the existing extra argument.

    If you have previously manually instantiated this class and didn’t use keyword arguments, you need to update your code to correctly pass arguments to the constructor (you are encouraged to use keyword arguments to avoid such issues in the future).

  • All NodeState, StorageVolumeState, VolumeSnapshotState and Provider attributes are now strings instead of integers.

    If you are using the tostring and fromstring methods of NodeState, you are fine. If you are using NodeState.RUNNING and the like, you are also fine.

    However, if you have previously depended on these being integers, you need to update your code to depend on strings. You should consider starting using the tostring and fromstring methods as the output of these functions will not change in future versions, while the implementation might.

Libcloud 0.19.0

  • The base signature of NodeDriver.create_volume has changed. The snapshot argument is now expected to be a VolumeSnapshot instead of a string. The older signature was never correct for built-in drivers, but custom drivers may break. (GCE accepted strings, names or None and still does. Other drivers did not implement creating volumes from snapshots at all until now.)
  • VolumeSnapshots now have a created attribute that is a datetime field showing the creation datetime of the snapshot. The field in VolumeSnapshot.extra containing the original string is maintained, so this is a backwards-compatible change.
  • The OpenStack compute driver methods ex_create_snapshot and ex_delete_snapshot are now deprecated by the standard methods create_volume_snapshot and destroy_volume_snapshot. You should update your code.
  • The compute base driver now considers the name argument to create_volume_snapshot to be optional. All official implementations of this methods already considered it optional. You should update any custom drivers if they rely on the name being mandatory.

Libcloud 0.16.0

Changes in the OpenStack authentication and service catalog classes

Note

If you are only working with the driver classes and have never dorectly touched the classes mentioned below, then you aren’t affected and those changes are fully backward compatible.

To make OpenStack authentication and identity related classes more extensible, easier to main and easier to use, those classes have been refactored. All of the changes are described below.

  • New libcloud.common.openstack_identity module has been added. This module contains code for working with OpenStack Identity (Keystone) service.
  • OpenStackAuthConnection class has been removed and replaced with one connection class per Keystone API version (OpenStackIdentity_1_0_Connection, OpenStackIdentity_2_0_Connection, OpenStackIdentity_3_0_Connection).
  • New get_auth_class method has been added to OpenStackBaseConnection class. This method allows you to retrieve an instance of the authentication class which is used with the current connection.
  • OpenStackServiceCatalog class has been refactored to store parsed catalog entries in a structured format (OpenStackServiceCatalogEntry and OpenStackServiceCatalogEntryEndpoint class). Previously entries were stored in an unstructured form in a dictionary. All the catalog entries can be retrieved by using OpenStackServiceCatalog.get_entris method.
  • ex_force_auth_version argument in OpenStackServiceCatalog constructor method has been renamed to auth_version
  • get_regions, get_service_types and get_service_names methods on the OpenStackServiceCatalog class have been modified to always return the result in the same order (result values are sorted beforehand).

For more information and examples, please refer to the Libcloud now supports OpenStack Identity (Keystone) API v3 blog post.

Libcloud 0.14.1

Fix record name inconsistencies in the Rackspace DNS driver

Record.name attribute is now correctly set to None for records which refer to the bare domain name. Previously, Record.name attribute for such records was set to the domain name.

For example, lets have a look at a record which points to the domain example.com.

New Record.name attribute value for such record: None

Old Record.name attribute value for such record: example.com

This was done to make the Rackspace driver consistent with the other ones.

Libcloud 0.14.0

To make drivers with multiple regions easier to use, one of the big changes in this version is move away from the old “one class per region” model to a new single class plus region argument model.

More information on how this affects existing drivers and your code can be found below.

Default Content-Type is now provided if none is supplied and none can be guessed

In older versions, Libcloud would throw an exception when a content type is not supplied and none can’t be automatically detected when uploading an object.

This has changed with the 0.14.0 release. Now if no content type is specified and none can’t be detected, a default content type of application/octet-stream is used.

If you want to preserve the old behavior, you can set strict_mode attribute on the driver object to True.

from libcloud.storage.types import Provider
from libcloud.stoage.providers import get_driver

cls = get_driver(Provider.CLOUDFILES)
driver = cls('username', 'api key')

driver.strict_mode = True

If you are not using strict mode and you are uploading a binary object, we still encourage you to practice Python’s “explicit is better than implicit” mantra and explicitly specify Content-Type of application/octet-stream.

SSH Key pair management functionality has been promoted to the base API

SSH key pair management functionality has been promoted to be a part of the base compute API.

As such, the following new classes and methods have been added:

  • libcloud.compute.base.KeyPair
  • libcloud.compute.base.NodeDriver.list_key_pairs
  • libcloud.compute.base.NodeDriver.create_key_pair
  • libcloud.compute.base.NodeDriver.import_key_pair_from_string
  • libcloud.compute.base.NodeDriver.import_key_pair_from_file
  • libcloud.compute.base.NodeDriver.delete_key_pair

Previously, this functionality was available in some of the provider drivers (CloudStack, EC2, OpenStack) via the following extension methods:

  • ex_list_keypairs
  • ex_create_keypair
  • ex_import_keypair_from_string
  • ex_import_keypair
  • ex_delete_keypair

Existing extension methods will continue to work until the next major release, but you are strongly encouraged to start using new methods which are now part of the base compute API and are guaranteed to work the same across different providers.

New default kernel versions used when creating Linode servers

Kernel versions which are used by default when creating Linode servers have been updated.

Old default kernel versions:

  • x86 (no paravirt-ops) - 2.6.18.8-x86_64-linode1 (#60)
  • x86 (paravirt-ops) - 2.6.18.8-x86_64-linode1 (#110)
  • x86_64 (no paravirt-ops) - 2.6.39.1-linode34 (#107)
  • x86 (paravirt-ops)64 - 2.6.18.8-x86_64-linode1 (#111)

New default kernel versions:

  • x86 - 3.9.3-x86-linode52 (#137)
  • x86_64 - 3.9.3-x86_64-linode33 (#138)

Those new kernel versions now come with paravirt-ops by default.

If you want to preserve the old behavior, you can pass ex_kernel argument to the create_node method.

Keep in mind that using old kernels is strongly discouraged since they contain known security holes.

For example:

from libcloud.compute.types import Provider
from libcloud.compute.providers import get_driver

cls = get_driver(Provider.LINODE)

driver = cls('username', 'api_key')
driver.create_node(..., ex_kernel=110)

Addition of new “STOPPED” node state

This version includes a new state called libcloud.compute.types.NodeState.STOPPED. This state represents a node which has been stopped and can be started later on (unlike TERMINATED state which represents a node which has been terminated and can’t be started later on).

As such, EC2 and HostVirual drivers have also been updated to recognize this new state.

Before addition of this state, nodes in this state were mapped to NodeState.UNKNOWN.

Amazon EC2 compute driver changes

Amazon EC2 compute driver has moved to single class plus region argument model. As such, the following provider constants have been deprecated:

  • EC2_US_EAST
  • EC2_US_WEST_OREGON
  • EC2_EU
  • EC2_EU_WEST
  • EC2_AP_SOUTHEAST
  • EC2_AP_SOUTHEAST2
  • EC2_AP_NORTHEAST
  • EC2_SA_EAST

And replaced with a single constant:

  • EC2 - Supported values for the region argument are: us-east-1, us-west-1, us-west-2, eu-west-1, ap-southeast-1, ap-northeast-1, sa-east-1, ap-southeast-2. Default value is us-east-1.

List which shows how old classes map to a new region argument value:

  • EC2_US_EAST -> us-east-1
  • EC2_US_WEST -> us-west-1
  • EC2_US_WEST_OREGON -> us-west-2
  • EC2_EU -> eu-west-1
  • EC2_EU_WEST -> eu-west-1
  • EC2_AP_SOUTHEAST -> ap-southeast-1
  • EC2_AP_SOUTHEAST2 -> ap-southeast-2
  • EC2_AP_NORTHEAST -> ap-northeast-1
  • EC2_SA_EAST -> sa-east-1

Old code:

from libcloud.compute.types import Provider
from libcloud.compute.providers import get_driver

cls1 = get_driver(Provider.EC2)
cls2 = get_driver(Provider.EC2_EU_WEST)

driver1 = cls('username', 'api_key')
driver2 = cls('username', 'api_key')

New code:

from libcloud.compute.types import Provider
from libcloud.compute.providers import get_driver

cls = get_driver(Provider.EC2)

driver1 = cls('username', 'api_key', region='us-east-1')
driver2 = cls('username', 'api_key', region='eu-west-1')

Rackspace compute driver changes

Rackspace compute driver has moved to single class plus region argument model. As such, the following provider constants have been removed:

  • RACKSPACE
  • RACKSPACE_UK
  • RACKSPACE_AU
  • RACKSPACE_NOVA_ORD
  • RACKSPACE_NOVA_DFW
  • RACKSPACE_NOVA_LON
  • RACKSPACE_NOVA_BETA

And replaced with two new constants:

  • RACKSPACE_FIRST_GEN - Supported values for region argument are: us, uk. Default value is us.
  • RACKSPACE - Supported values for the region argument are: dfw, ord, iad, lon, syd, hkg. Default value is dfw.

Besides that, RACKSPACE provider constant now defaults to next-generation OpenStack based servers. Previously it defaulted to first generation cloud servers.

If you want to preserve old behavior and use first-gen drivers you need to use RACKSPACE_FIRST_GEN provider constant.

First generation cloud servers now also use auth 2.0 by default. Previously they used auth 1.0.

Because of the nature of this first-gen to next-gen change, old constants have been fully removed and unlike region changes in other driver, this change is not backward compatible.

List which shows how old, first-gen classes map to a new region argument value:

  • RACKSPACE -> us
  • RACKSPACE_UK -> uk

List which shows how old, next-gen classes map to a new region argument value:

  • RACKSPACE_NOVA_ORD -> ord
  • RACKSPACE_NOVA_DFW -> dfw
  • RACKSPACE_NOVA_LON -> lon
  • RACKSPACE_AU -> syd

More examples which show how to update your code to work with a new version can be found below.

Old code (connecting to a first-gen provider):

from libcloud.compute.types import Provider
from libcloud.compute.providers import get_driver

cls1 = get_driver(Provider.RACKSPACE) # US regon
cls2 = get_driver(Provider.RACKSPACE_UK) # UK regon

driver1 = cls('username', 'api_key')
driver2 = cls('username', 'api_key')

New code (connecting to a first-gen provider):

from libcloud.compute.types import Provider
from libcloud.compute.providers import get_driver

cls = get_driver(Provider.RACKSPACE_FIRST_GEN)

driver1 = cls('username', 'api_key', region='us')
driver2 = cls('username', 'api_key', region='uk')

Old code (connecting to a next-gen provider)

from libcloud.compute.types import Provider
from libcloud.compute.providers import get_driver

cls1 = get_driver(Provider.RACKSPACE_NOVA_ORD)
cls2 = get_driver(Provider.RACKSPACE_NOVA_DFW)
cls3 = get_driver(Provider.RACKSPACE_NOVA_LON)

driver1 = cls('username', 'api_key')
driver2 = cls('username', 'api_key')
driver3 = cls('username', 'api_key')

New code (connecting to a next-gen provider)

from libcloud.compute.types import Provider
from libcloud.compute.providers import get_driver

cls = get_driver(Provider.RACKSPACE)

driver1 = cls('username', 'api_key', region='ord')
driver2 = cls('username', 'api_key', region='dfw')
driver3 = cls('username', 'api_key', region='lon')

CloudStack compute driver changes

CloudStack driver received a lot of changes and additions which will make it more pleasant to use. Backward incompatible changes are listed below:

  • CloudStackForwardingRule class has been renamed to CloudStackIPForwardingRule
  • create_node method arguments are now more consistent with other drivers. Security groups are now passed as ex_security_groups, SSH keypairs are now passed as ex_keyname and userdata is now passed as ex_userdata.
  • For advanced networking zones, multiple networks can now be passed to the create_node method instead of a single network id. These networks need to be instances of the CloudStackNetwork class.
  • The extra_args argument of the create_node method has been removed. The only arguments accepted are now the defaults name, size, image, location plus ex_keyname, ex_userdata, ex_security_groups and networks.

Joyent compute driver changes

Joyent driver has been aligned with other drivers and now the constructor takes region instead of location argument.

For backward compatibility reasons, old argument will continue to work until the next major release.

Old code:

from libcloud.compute.types import Provider
from libcloud.compute.providers import get_driver

cls = get_driver(Provider.JOYENT)

driver = cls('username', 'api_key', location='us-east-1')

Old code:

from libcloud.compute.types import Provider
from libcloud.compute.providers import get_driver

cls = get_driver(Provider.JOYENT)

driver = cls('username', 'api_key', region='us-east-1')

ElasticHosts compute driver changes

ElasticHosts compute driver has moved to single class plus region argument model. As such, the following provider constants have been deprecated:

  • ELASTICHOSTS_UK1
  • ELASTICHOSTS_UK1
  • ELASTICHOSTS_US1
  • ELASTICHOSTS_US2
  • ELASTICHOSTS_US3
  • ELASTICHOSTS_CA1
  • ELASTICHOSTS_AU1
  • ELASTICHOSTS_CN1

And replaced with a single constant:

  • ELASTICHOSTS - Supported values for the region argument are: lon-p, lon-b, sat-p, lax-p, sjc-c, tor-p, syd-y, cn-1 Default value is sat-p.

List which shows how old classes map to a new region argument value:

  • ELASTICHOSTS_UK1 -> lon-p
  • ELASTICHOSTS_UK1 -> lon-b
  • ELASTICHOSTS_US1 -> sat-p
  • ELASTICHOSTS_US2 -> lax-p
  • ELASTICHOSTS_US3 -> sjc-c
  • ELASTICHOSTS_CA1 -> tor-p
  • ELASTICHOSTS_AU1 -> syd-y
  • ELASTICHOSTS_CN1 -> cn-1

Because of this change main driver class has also been renamed from libcloud.compute.drivers.elastichosts.ElasticHostsBaseNodeDriver to libcloud.compute.drivers.elastichosts.ElasticHostsNodeDriver.

Only users who directly instantiate a driver and don’t use recommended get_driver method are affected by this change.

Old code:

from libcloud.compute.types import Provider
from libcloud.compute.providers import get_driver

cls1 = get_driver(Provider.ELASTICHOSTS_UK1)
cls2 = get_driver(Provider.ELASTICHOSTS_US2)

driver1 = cls('username', 'api_key')
driver2 = cls('username', 'api_key')

New code:

from libcloud.compute.types import Provider
from libcloud.compute.providers import get_driver

cls = get_driver(Provider.ELASTICHOSTS)

driver1 = cls('username', 'api_key', region='lon-p')
driver2 = cls('username', 'api_key', region='lax-p')

Unification of extension arguments for security group handling in the EC2 driver

To unify extension arguments for handling security groups between drivers, ex_securitygroup argument in the EC2 create_node method has been renamed to ex_security_groups.

For backward compatibility reasons, old argument will continue to work for until a next major release.

CloudFiles Storage driver changes

CLOUDFILES_US and CLOUDFILES_UK provider constants have been deprecated and a new CLOUDFILES constant has been added.

User can now use this single constant and specify which region to use by passing region argument to the driver constructor.

Old code:

from libcloud.storage.types import Provider
from libcloud.storage.providers import get_driver

cls1 = get_driver(Provider.CLOUDFILES_US)
cls2 = get_driver(Provider.CLOUDFILES_UK)

driver1 = cls1('username', 'api_key')
driver2 = cls1('username', 'api_key')

New code:

from libcloud.compute.types import Provider
from libcloud.compute.providers import get_driver

cls = get_driver(Provider.CLOUDFILES)

driver1 = cls1('username', 'api_key', region='dfw')
driver2 = cls1('username', 'api_key', region='lon')

Rackspace DNS driver changes

Rackspace DNS driver has moved to one class plus region argument model. As such, the following provider constants have been deprecated:

  • RACKSPACE_US
  • RACKSPACE_UK

And replaced with a single constant:

  • RACKSPACE - Supported values for region arguments are us, uk. Default value is us.

Old code:

from libcloud.dns.types import Provider
from libcloud.dns.providers import get_driver

cls1 = get_driver(Provider.RACKSPACE_US)
cls2 = get_driver(Provider.RACKSPACE_UK)

driver1 = cls1('username', 'api_key')
driver2 = cls1('username', 'api_key')

New code:

from libcloud.dns.types import Provider
from libcloud.dns.providers import get_driver

cls = get_driver(Provider.RACKSPACE)

driver1 = cls1('username', 'api_key', region='us')
driver2 = cls1('username', 'api_key', region='uk')

Rackspace load balancer driver changes

Rackspace loadbalancer driver has moved to one class plus region argument model. As such, the following provider constants have been deprecated:

  • RACKSPACE_US
  • RACKSPACE_UK

And replaced with a single constant:

  • RACKSPACE - Supported values for region arguments are dfw, ord, iad, lon, syd, hkg. Default value is dfw.

Old code:

from libcloud.loadbalancer.types import Provider
from libcloud.loadbalancer.providers import get_driver

cls1 = get_driver(Provider.RACKSPACE_US)
cls2 = get_driver(Provider.RACKSPACE_UK)

driver1 = cls1('username', 'api_key')
driver2 = cls1('username', 'api_key')

New code:

from libcloud.loadbalancer.types import Provider
from libcloud.loadbalancer.providers import get_driver

cls = get_driver(Provider.RACKSPACE)

driver1 = cls1('username', 'api_key', region='ord')
driver2 = cls1('username', 'api_key', region='lon')

ScriptDeployment and ScriptFileDeployment constructor now takes args argument

libcloud.compute.deployment.ScriptDeployment and libcloud.compute.deployment.ScriptFileDeployment class constructor now take args as a second argument.

Previously this argument was not present and the second argument was name.

If you have a code which instantiate those classes directly and passes two or more arguments (not keyword arguments) to the constructor you need to update it to preserve the old behavior.

Old code:

sd = ScriptDeployment('#!/usr/bin/env bash echo "ponies!"', 'ponies.sh')

New code:

sd = ScriptDeployment('#!/usr/bin/env bash echo "ponies!"', None,
                      'ponies.sh')

Even better (using keyword arguments):

sd = ScriptDeployment(script='#!/usr/bin/env bash echo "ponies!"',
                      name='ponies.sh')

Pricing data changes

By default this version of Libcloud tries to read pricing data from the ~/.libcloud/pricing.json file. If this file doesn’t exist, Libcloud falls back to the old behavior and the pricing data is read from the pricing file which is shipped with each release.

For more information, please see Using a custom pricing file page.

RecordType ENUM value is now a string

libcloud.dns.types.RecordType ENUM value used be an integer, but from this version on, it’s now a string. This was done to make it simpler and remove unnecessary indirection.

If you use RecordType class in your code as recommended, no changes are required, but if you use integer values directly, you need to update your code to use RecordType class otherwise it will break.

OK:

# ...
record = driver.create_record(name=www, zone=zone, type=RecordType.A,
                              data='127.0.0.1')

Not OK:

# ...
record = driver.create_record(name=www, zone=zone, type=0,
                              data='127.0.0.1')

Cache busting functionality is now only enabled in Rackspace first-gen driver

Cache busting functionality has been disabled in the Rackspace next-gen driver and all of the OpenStack drivers. It’s now only enabled in the Rackspace first-gen driver.

Cache busting functionality works by appending a random query parameter to every GET HTTP request. It was originally added to the Rackspace first-gen driver a long time ago to avoid excessive HTTP caching on the provider side. This excessive caching some times caused list_nodes and other calls to return stale data.

This approach should not be needed with Rackspace next-gen and OpenStack drivers so it has been disabled.

No action is required on the user’s side.

libcloud.security.VERIFY_SSL_CERT_STRICT variable has been removed

libcloud.security.VERIFY_SSL_CERT_STRICT variable has been introduced in version 0.4.2 when we initially added support for SSL certificate verification. This variable was added to ease the migration from older versions of Libcloud which didn’t verify SSL certificates.

In version 0.6.0, this variable has been set to True by default and deprecated.

In this release, this variable has been fully removed. For more information on how SSL certificate validation works in Libcloud, see the SSL Certificate Validation page.

get_container method changes in the S3 driver

Previously, the get_container method in the S3 driver used a very inefficient approach of using list_containers + late filterting.

The code was changed to use a more efficient approach which means using a single HTTP HEAD request.

The only downside of this approach is that it doesn’t return container creation date.

If you need the container creation date, you should use list_containers method and do the later filtering yourself.

Libcloud 0.8

  • restart_node method has been removed from the OpenNebula compute driver, because OpenNebula OCCI implementation does not support a proper restart method.
  • ex_save_image method in the OpenStack driver now returns a NodeImage instance.

For a full list of changes, please see the CHANGES file.

Libcloud 0.7

  • For consistency, public_ip and private_ip attribute on the Node object have been renamed to public_ips and private_ips respectively.

In 0.7 you can still access those attributes using the old way, but this option will be removed in the next major release.

Note: If you have places in your code where you directly instantiate a ``Node`` class, you need to update it.

Old code:

node = Node(id='1', name='test node', state=NodeState.PENDING,
            private_ip=['10.0.0.1'], public_ip=['88.77.66.77'],
            driver=driver)

Updated code:

node = Node(id='1', name='test node', state=NodeState.PENDING,
            private_ips=['10.0.0.1'], public_ips=['88.77.66.77'],
            driver=driver)
  • Old deprecated paths have been removed. If you still haven’t updated your code you need to do it now, otherwise it won’t work with 0.7 and future releases.

Below is a list of old paths and their new locations:

  • libcloud.base -> libcloud.compute.base
  • libcloud.deployment -> libcloud.compute.deployment
  • libcloud.drivers.* -> libcloud.compute.drivers.*
  • libcloud.ssh -> libcloud.compute.ssh
  • libcloud.types -> libcloud.compute.types
  • libcloud.providers -> libcloud.compute.providers

In the contrib/ directory you can also find a simple bash script which can perform a search and replace for you - migrate_paths.py.

For a full list of changes, please see the CHANGES file.

Libcloud 0.6

  • SSL certificate verification is now enabled by default and an exception is thrown if CA certificate files cannot be found.

To revert to the old behavior, set libcloud.security.VERIFY_SSL_CERT_STRICT variable to False:

libcloud.security.VERIFY_SSL_CERT_STRICT = False

Note: You are strongly discouraged from disabling SSL certificate validation. If you disable it and no CA certificates files are found on the system you are vulnerable to a man-in-the-middle attack

More information on how to acquire and install CA certificate files on different operating systems can be found on SSL Certificate Validation page

  • OpenStack driver now defaults to using OpenStack 1.1 API.

To preserve the old behavior and use OpenStack 1.0 API, pass api_version='1.0' keyword argument to the driver constructor.

For example:

Cls = get_provider(Provider.OPENSTACK)
driver = Cls('user_name', 'api_key', False, 'host', 8774, api_version='1.0')
  • OpenNebula driver now defaults to using OpenNebula 3.0 API

To preserve the old behavior and use OpenNebula 1.4 API, pass api_version='1.4' keyword argument to the driver constructor.

For example:

Cls = get_provider(Provider.OPENNEBULA)
driver = Cls('key', 'secret', api_version='1.4')

For a full list of changes, please see the CHANGES file.