Source code for libcloud.compute.drivers.nephoscale

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NephoScale Cloud driver (
API documentation:
Created by Markos Gogoulos (

import base64
import time
import os
import binascii

from libcloud.utils.py3 import httplib
from libcloud.utils.py3 import b
from libcloud.utils.py3 import urlencode

from libcloud.compute.providers import Provider
from libcloud.common.base import JsonResponse, ConnectionUserAndKey
from libcloud.compute.types import NodeState, InvalidCredsError, LibcloudError
from libcloud.compute.base import Node, NodeDriver, NodeImage, NodeSize, NodeLocation
from libcloud.utils.networking import is_private_subnet


    "on": NodeState.RUNNING,
    "off": NodeState.UNKNOWN,
    "unknown": NodeState.UNKNOWN,


# used in create_node and specifies how many times to get the list of nodes and
# check if the newly created node is there. This is because when a request is
# sent to create a node, NephoScale replies with the job id, and not the node
# itself thus we don't have the ip addresses, that are required in deploy_node

[docs]class NodeKey(object): def __init__(self, id, name, public_key=None, key_group=None, password=None): = id = name self.key_group = key_group self.password = password self.public_key = public_key def __repr__(self): return ("<NodeKey: id=%s, name=%s>") % (,
[docs]class NephoscaleResponse(JsonResponse): """ Nephoscale API Response """
[docs] def parse_error(self): if self.status == httplib.UNAUTHORIZED: raise InvalidCredsError("Authorization Failed") if self.status == httplib.NOT_FOUND: raise Exception("The resource you are looking for is not found.") return self.body
[docs] def success(self): return self.status in VALID_RESPONSE_CODES
[docs]class NephoscaleConnection(ConnectionUserAndKey): """ Nephoscale connection class. Authenticates to the API through Basic Authentication with username/password """ host = API_HOST responseCls = NephoscaleResponse allow_insecure = False
[docs] def add_default_headers(self, headers): """ Add parameters that are necessary for every request """ user_b64 = base64.b64encode(b("%s:%s" % (self.user_id, self.key))) headers["Authorization"] = "Basic %s" % (user_b64.decode("utf-8")) return headers
[docs]class NephoscaleNodeDriver(NodeDriver): """ Nephoscale node driver class. >>> from libcloud.compute.providers import get_driver >>> driver = get_driver('nephoscale') >>> conn = driver('nepho_user','nepho_password') >>> conn.list_nodes() """ type = Provider.NEPHOSCALE api_name = "nephoscale" name = "NephoScale" website = "" connectionCls = NephoscaleConnection features = {"create_node": ["ssh_key"]}
[docs] def list_locations(self): """ List available zones for deployment :rtype: ``list`` of :class:`NodeLocation` """ result = self.connection.request("/datacenter/zone/").object locations = [] for value in result.get("data", []): location = NodeLocation( id=value.get("id"), name=value.get("name"), country="US", driver=self ) locations.append(location) return locations
[docs] def list_images(self): """ List available images for deployment :rtype: ``list`` of :class:`NodeImage` """ result = self.connection.request("/image/server/").object images = [] for value in result.get("data", []): extra = { "architecture": value.get("architecture"), "disks": value.get("disks"), "billable_type": value.get("billable_type"), "pcpus": value.get("pcpus"), "cores": value.get("cores"), "uri": value.get("uri"), "storage": value.get("storage"), } image = NodeImage( id=value.get("id"), name=value.get("friendly_name"), driver=self, extra=extra, ) images.append(image) return images
[docs] def list_sizes(self): """ List available sizes containing prices :rtype: ``list`` of :class:`NodeSize` """ result = self.connection.request("/server/type/cloud/").object sizes = [] for value in result.get("data", []): value_id = value.get("id") size = NodeSize( id=value_id, name=value.get("friendly_name"), ram=value.get("ram"), disk=value.get("storage"), bandwidth=None, price=self._get_size_price(size_id=str(value_id)), driver=self, ) sizes.append(size) return sorted(sizes, key=lambda k: k.price)
[docs] def list_nodes(self): """ List available nodes :rtype: ``list`` of :class:`Node` """ result = self.connection.request("/server/cloud/").object nodes = [self._to_node(value) for value in result.get("data", [])] return nodes
[docs] def rename_node(self, node, name, hostname=None): """rename a cloud server, optionally specify hostname too""" data = {"name": name} if hostname: data["hostname"] = hostname params = urlencode(data) result = self.connection.request( "/server/cloud/%s/" %, data=params, method="PUT" ).object return result.get("response") in VALID_RESPONSE_CODES
[docs] def reboot_node(self, node): """reboot a running node""" result = self.connection.request( "/server/cloud/%s/initiator/restart/" %, method="POST" ).object return result.get("response") in VALID_RESPONSE_CODES
[docs] def start_node(self, node): """start a stopped node""" result = self.connection.request( "/server/cloud/%s/initiator/start/" %, method="POST" ).object return result.get("response") in VALID_RESPONSE_CODES
[docs] def stop_node(self, node): """stop a running node""" result = self.connection.request( "/server/cloud/%s/initiator/stop/" %, method="POST" ).object return result.get("response") in VALID_RESPONSE_CODES
[docs] def destroy_node(self, node): """destroy a node""" result = self.connection.request( "/server/cloud/%s/" %, method="DELETE" ).object return result.get("response") in VALID_RESPONSE_CODES
[docs] def ex_start_node(self, node): # NOTE: This method is here for backward compatibility reasons after # this method was promoted to be part of the standard compute API in # Libcloud v2.7.0 return self.start_node(node=node)
[docs] def ex_stop_node(self, node): # NOTE: This method is here for backward compatibility reasons after # this method was promoted to be part of the standard compute API in # Libcloud v2.7.0 return self.stop_node(node=node)
[docs] def ex_list_keypairs(self, ssh=False, password=False, key_group=None): """ List available console and server keys There are two types of keys for NephoScale, ssh and password keys. If run without arguments, lists all keys. Otherwise list only ssh keys, or only password keys. Password keys with key_group 4 are console keys. When a server is created, it has two keys, one password or ssh key, and one password console key. :keyword ssh: if specified, show ssh keys only (optional) :type ssh: ``bool`` :keyword password: if specified, show password keys only (optional) :type password: ``bool`` :keyword key_group: if specified, show keys with this key_group only eg key_group=4 for console password keys (optional) :type key_group: ``int`` :rtype: ``list`` of :class:`NodeKey` """ if ssh and password: raise LibcloudError( "You can only supply ssh or password. To \ get all keys call with no arguments" ) if ssh: result = self.connection.request("/key/sshrsa/").object elif password: result = self.connection.request("/key/password/").object else: result = self.connection.request("/key/").object keys = [self._to_key(value) for value in result.get("data", [])] if key_group: keys = [key for key in keys if key.key_group == key_group] return keys
[docs] def ex_create_keypair(self, name, public_key=None, password=None, key_group=None): """Creates a key, ssh or password, for server or console The group for the key (key_group) is 1 for Server and 4 for Console Returns the id of the created key """ if public_key: if not key_group: key_group = 1 data = {"name": name, "public_key": public_key, "key_group": key_group} params = urlencode(data) result = self.connection.request( "/key/sshrsa/", data=params, method="POST" ).object else: if not key_group: key_group = 4 if not password: password = self.random_password() data = {"name": name, "password": password, "key_group": key_group} params = urlencode(data) result = self.connection.request( "/key/password/", data=params, method="POST" ).object return result.get("data", {}).get("id", "")
[docs] def ex_delete_keypair(self, key_id, ssh=False): """Delete an ssh key or password given it's id""" if ssh: result = self.connection.request( "/key/sshrsa/%s/" % key_id, method="DELETE" ).object else: result = self.connection.request( "/key/password/%s/" % key_id, method="DELETE" ).object return result.get("response") in VALID_RESPONSE_CODES
[docs] def create_node( self, name, size, image, server_key=None, console_key=None, zone=None, **kwargs ): """Creates the node, and sets the ssh key, console key NephoScale will respond with a 200-200 response after sending a valid request. If nowait=True is specified in the args, we then ask a few times until the server is created and assigned a public IP address, so that deploy_node can be run >>> from libcloud.compute.providers import get_driver >>> driver = get_driver('nephoscale') >>> conn = driver('nepho_user','nepho_password') >>> conn.list_nodes() >>> name = 'staging-server' >>> size = conn.list_sizes()[0] <NodeSize: id=27, - 0.25GB, 10GB, ...> >>> image = conn.list_images()[9] <NodeImage: id=49, name=Linux Ubuntu Server 10.04 LTS 64-bit, ...> >>> server_keys = conn.ex_list_keypairs(key_group=1)[0] <NodeKey: id=71211, name=markos> >>> server_key = conn.ex_list_keypairs(key_group=1)[0].id 70867 >>> console_keys = conn.ex_list_keypairs(key_group=4)[0] <NodeKey: id=71213, name=mistio28434> >>> console_key = conn.ex_list_keypairs(key_group=4)[0].id 70907 >>> node = conn.create_node(name=name, size=size, image=image, \ console_key=console_key, server_key=server_key) We can also create an ssh key, plus a console key and deploy node with them >>> server_key = conn.ex_create_keypair(name, public_key='123') 71211 >>> console_key = conn.ex_create_keypair(name, key_group=4) 71213 We can increase the number of connect attempts to wait until the node is created, so that deploy_node has ip address to deploy the script We can also specify the location >>> location = conn.list_locations()[0] >>> node = conn.create_node(name=name, >>> ... size=size, >>> ... image=image, >>> ... console_key=console_key, >>> ... server_key=server_key, >>> ... connect_attempts=10, >>> ... nowait=True, >>> ... """ hostname = kwargs.get("hostname", name) service_type = image = connect_attempts = int(kwargs.get("connect_attempts", CONNECT_ATTEMPTS)) data = { "name": name, "hostname": hostname, "service_type": service_type, "image": image, "server_key": server_key, "console_key": console_key, "zone": zone, } params = urlencode(data) try: node = self.connection.request("/server/cloud/", data=params, method="POST") except Exception as e: raise Exception("Failed to create node %s" % e) node = Node( id="", name=name, state=NodeState.UNKNOWN, public_ips=[], private_ips=[], driver=self, ) nowait = kwargs.get("ex_wait", False) if not nowait: return node else: # try to get the created node public ips, for use in deploy_node # At this point we don't have the id of the newly created Node, # so search name in nodes created_node = False while connect_attempts > 0: nodes = self.list_nodes() created_node = [c_node for c_node in nodes if == name] if created_node: return created_node[0] else: time.sleep(60) connect_attempts = connect_attempts - 1 return node
def _to_node(self, data): """Convert node in Node instances""" state = NODE_STATE_MAP.get(data.get("power_status"), "4") public_ips = [] private_ips = [] ip_addresses = data.get("ipaddresses", "") # E.g. "ipaddresses": "," if ip_addresses: for ip in ip_addresses.split(","): ip = ip.replace(" ", "") if is_private_subnet(ip): private_ips.append(ip) else: public_ips.append(ip) extra = { "zone_data": data.get("zone"), "zone": data.get("zone", {}).get("name"), "image": data.get("image", {}).get("friendly_name"), "create_time": data.get("create_time"), "network_ports": data.get("network_ports"), "is_console_enabled": data.get("is_console_enabled"), "service_type": data.get("service_type", {}).get("friendly_name"), "hostname": data.get("hostname"), } node = Node( id=data.get("id"), name=data.get("name"), state=state, public_ips=public_ips, private_ips=private_ips, driver=self, extra=extra, ) return node def _to_key(self, data): return NodeKey( id=data.get("id"), name=data.get("name"), password=data.get("password"), key_group=data.get("key_group"), public_key=data.get("public_key"), )
[docs] def random_password(self, size=8): value = os.urandom(size) password = binascii.hexlify(value).decode("ascii") return password[:size]